Bhutan National Dress (Gho and Kira)
Gho is the term that denotes the national dress of Bhutan for men and kira for women. It is a long robe hoisted up until it is knee-length. The hoisted cloth is held in place with a woven cloth belt called ‘Kera’ wound tightly around the waist. The hoisted up cloth forms a large pouch, in which certain items could be kept such as the traditional bowl and betel nut. Introduced during the 17th century by Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyel, these dresses are popular among the locals and assign the Bhutanese a unique identity.
Kira is for women and they also wear ‘Toego’ along with Kiras, which are short and open jacket-like garments. All Bhutanese citizens are required to observe the national dress code, known as Driglam Namzha, while in public during daylight hours. It has been the law of the land and police may fine any Bhutanese who is not wearing official national dress in public. The law is said to be an effort to preserve and promote Bhutan’s cultural heritage.
All Bhutanese have to wear their national dress in government offices, schools and all formal occasions. National dress code, known as Driglam Namzha.
Dzongkha ( National Language)
Dzongkha is an offshoot of Tibetan language. Meaning of Dzongkha is the language spoken in the dzong. It does match to Tibetan in some ways, but uses different style of scripting.
Most people related to tourism industry can understand and speak English. In schools too, English is used to teach subjects such as mathematics, science and geography. Several local dilects are used in central, south and eastern parts of Bhutan. Study of Dzongkha is compulsory in all schools of Bhutan. The number of dialects listed in Bhutan is 24. Maximum population spoken languages in Bhutan are Dzongkha, sharshohpa and Nepali. Nepali is mainly used by the people of southern region. There are many other dialects spoken in Bhutan are in eastern country Sharshokpa, Khangpa and Kurtuepa. In north part of Bhutan is Brokpa and southern Bhutan Limbu, Santali, Tamang,Sherpa, Gurung, and even Doyas.